Like road transport, water transport has been about for millenia. The 1st sorts of water transport were potentially some kinds of canoes cut out from tree trunks. Earlier boats and ships depended on being rowed and wind for propulsion, or a mix of both. Once a bridge or tunnel is made across an area of water, water transport that used to move passengers and products across that expanse of water have been downsized.
Tunnels, eg the Channel Tunnel that connects rail tracks for high speed trains in Great Britain with those in France, have given extraordinarily powerful competition for the ferries that connect Dover ( Britain ) with Calais ( France ). But water transport has controlled in transport services for hundreds of years on long sea trips till the rise of air transport.
Recently ships have been engineered to be much quicker to be more competitive. Though comparatively slow, modern water or sea transport are noticeably less pricey to use matched against air transport for carrying a big number of passengers for short inter island trips and amounts of non perishable products in transcontinental routes.